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Back to 3rd Potomac Home Brigade/3rd Maryland Volunteer Infantry

Primary Sources for the 3rd Potomac Home Brigade

Washington DC Evening Star, October 24, 1862

A SHOOTING AFFAIR occurred in the cars at Annapolis Junction, on Friday evening last, in which Brice B. Brewer was shot in the forehead, the ball passing in at the right side, running next the skull for three inches, and then coming out. An officer of the 3d Maryland Regiment was arrested upon the charge of shooting, but upon investigation he was discharged.


Battle of West Frederick, July 7, 1864: Prelude to Battle of Monocacy, by Joseph V. Collins

Third Potomac Home Brigade in the Field

In June 1864 the [Third Potomac Home Brigade] is stationed along the tracks of the B&O at critical rail stations from Sykesville, Maryland, to the mouth of the Monocacy River where it joins the Potomac River (south of Frederick), a distance of approximately thirty-two miles. Company C was stationed at Sykesville, while three miles west at Hoods Mills was stationed Company F (recently transferred from the B&O station at Marriottsville), and another eight miles west at Mount Airy were stationed Companies A and G. Then four miles to the west was Monrovia, which served as headquarters for the Third with Companies I, H, and K. Then about three miles south of Frederick and approximately eight miles west of Monrovia was Monocacy Junction, a critical point in the east-west movement of personnel and goods on the B&O. At Monocacy Junction a spur line ran north to the city of tick, while the main line of the B&O crossed the Monocacy River on an iron bridge and the Georgetown Pike highway connected Frederick and Washington, D.C. At this critical location Companies B and E were stationed. Finally, in a blockhouse we find Company D and Major Harry C. Rizer stationed some eight miles south of the Monocacy Junction located near the mouth of the Monocacy River and less than three miles southeast of the important Noland’s Ferry crossing. Company D had moved to this location at the beginning of June from their previous post at the B&O station at Elysville. In Company D we find Privates Isaac Van Sickle and his younger brother Harrison. At that location was the majestic 512-foot, eleven-arch Monocacy Aqueduct [which was constructed

of native Maryland granite] of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal that crossed the Monocacy and affords an easy route for both cavalry and infantry to utilize to avoid the possible delays in the populated Frederick area. The blockhouse occupied by Company D was typical of those constructed by the railroad during the Civil War.

By this time in 1864, Third Regiment of the Potomac Home Brigade had 732 officers and men well below the full regiment strength of 1,200. According to the June 10, 1864, inspector general's report the following was the composition of the First Separate Brigade commanded by Brigadier General E.B. Tyler.

Location (Maryland) Unit Manpower
Relay House at B&O RR Brigade Headquarters?
Relay House at B&O RR 3 Companies of
144th Ohio Infantry 228

Fort Dix at B&O RR 2 Companies of
144th Ohio Infantry 142

Elysville at B&O RR Company “C” 3rd PHB 72
Hoods Mills at B&O RR Company PHB “F” 3rd PHB 77
Mount Airy at B&O RR Companies “A” &
“G” 3rd PHB 139
Monrovia at B&O RR Cos. “I”, “H” & “K” +
Hdqtrs 3rd PHB 204
Monocacy Junction at B&0 RR Companies “E”
& “S” 160
Mouth of Monocacy River Company “D” 3rd PHB 80
Annapolis Junction Company “F” of 144th
Ohio Infantry 71

Total Troops 1,173
Third Potomac Home Brigade in the Field

Deployment of Third Potomac Home Brigade
June 30, 1864



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